Bunions are a foot disorder that develops as an enlargement on the inside of the big toe joint and moves on to smaller toes. High heeled and pointy shoes that cramp the air make women most affected by bunions.
Sometimes, these bunions thicken the bursa to cause the abnormal bone formation and toe misalignment. You may visit https://grandcentralpodiatry.com/ and take the necessary treatment as soon as possible.
Besides ill-fitting shoes, a hereditary genetic mechanical structure defect of the foot is another cause that makes certain foot types predisposed to developing bunions. Bunion symptoms include severe pain, redness, inflammation and occasionally a burning sensation and numbness.
Bunion Treatment Options
Bunion treatment depends on various factors like your foot type, your activities, your symptoms and the intensity of your deformity. The idea of bunion treatment is to reduce the pressure in the big toe joint to reduce the progression of joint damage.
- For relief from the pain of bunions, and to reduce inflammation, you can take a pain killer or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug like ibuprofen. In addition to this, apply an ice pack on the bunion a few times a day to reduce pain and inflammation. Use arch support to reduce the rate of the flattening of the arch, which in turn puts excessive force on the joints.
- Massaging your foot in a vertical motion and compressing heating pads at regular options are other bunion treatment options.
- Some bunions develop inflamed bursa, which can be treated with corticosteroid injections.
- It is when you develop joint pain, or when the bunions limit your activities after trying all other conservative options that you may consider using surgery as your bunion treatment. Basically, the joint pain developed here indicates the degeneration of joint cartilage. With surgery, it is possible to realign the joint so that there is no more loss of joint cartilage.
- Using postoperative orthoses is part of bunion treatment as it helps improve foot functioning while limiting the amount of force on the great toe joint. Your doctor may suggest applying a commercial bunion pad, which is not too stiff or medicated on the bunion or a bunion shield to reduce the pain of the bunion.