Controlling endometriosis with hormone therapy might be a good idea for some women, as female hormone estrogen certainly fuels endometriosis symptoms. That being said, some studies have also shown that estrogen may not be the only problem.
Some theories suggest that due to the fact that certain changes can be present in the cells of the immune system in patients with endometriosis, endometriosis can be caused by a malfunctioning immune system. You can also check out online sources to get more information about endometriosis.
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Almost all women experience retrograde menstruation. This is when endometrial tissue moves backward into the abdomen through the fallopian tubes during menstruation. However, despite this fact, usually less than 10% of menstruating women develop endometriosis.
This has led many researchers to believe the theory that endometriosis is actually caused by a faulty immune system that allows the endometriosis to develop outside the uterus during menstruation retrograde.
Those who think the malfunctioning immune system may be the cause of endometriosis believes that the immune system fails to detect and eliminate endometrial tissue growing outside the uterus. In contrast to the immune system of an average woman – whose findings and destroy endometrial tissue caused by retrograde menstruation – the immune system of women with endometriosis appears to be less active, and even defective, when it comes to the elimination of these cells.
Researchers are not exactly sure why this is happening. Some believe that women with endometriosis have a sufficient number of NK (natural killer) cells, which are part of the immune system responsible for detecting foreign invaders.